Q. Is it permissible to lie to protect oneself against the evil eye or envy? For example, if someone asks you about your salary and you give them a lower figure or they ask you whether you are married or not and you say no even if you are married.
A.The shaykh (hafidhaahullaah) said, no! No, it is not permissible to lie in this case. There are only three situations when it is permissible to lie.
The first is to rectify between people who are arguing and they are at odds with one another. Whether these are individuals, groups or countries you are reconciling between. This is one of the scenarios when it becomes permissible to lie. The second is when the two spouses are arguing and in order to bring them back together and reconcile between their hearts you can lie to make them feel that they are loved, as long as nothing impermissible, nothing haraam is said or bought about. As long as it’s just to bring the family back together and keep the families harmony and love together, then it’s permissible. The third and final situation where it’s permissible to lie is when the muslims are at war with non-muslims. In this situation it’s permissible.
However, there are some situations where you might not tell a lie but you might give an answer which might be understood in one of two ways and this can prevent some problems.
Shaykh Saalih Muhammad al-Luhaydaan (May Allaah preserve him) (Kitaab-ut-Tawheed Class, Q&A Session 08-08-2012, Riyadh)